TERRORISM AND COUNTERTERRORISM:
AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Volume 1: March 4, 2004

Part C: Index of Entries by Country/Region


Afghanistan

Bearden, Milt. "Afghanistan, Graveyard of Empires." Foreign Affairs, vol. 80, no 6 (Nov-Dec 2001), 17-30.

Youngs, Tim, Paul Bowers and Mark Oakes. The Campaign Against International Terrorism: Prospects After The Fall Of The Taliban. Research Paper 01/112. International Affairs And Defense Section, House Of Commons Library (December 11, 2001).

 

Afghanistan, Central Asia

Rashid, Ahmed. "The Taliban: Exporting Extremism." Foreign Affairs, vol. 78, no. 2 (Nov-Dec 1999), 22-53.

 

Afghanistan, Pakistan, India

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. (New York: Colombia University Press, 2002), 205-218.

 

Africa

Lyman, Princeton N. and J. Stephen Morrison. "The Terrorist Threat in Africa." Foreign Affairs, vol. 83, no. 1 (Jan-Feb 2004), 75-86.

Stevenson, Jonathan. "Africa's Growing Strategic Resonance." Survival, vol. 45, no. 4 (Winter 2003-04), 153-171.

 

Algeria

Crenshaw, Martha. "The Effectiveness of Terrorism in the Algerian War," in Terrorism in Context. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 473-513

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. (New York: Colombia University Press, 2002), 137-139.

Testas, Abdelaziz. "The Roots of Algeria's Religious and Ethnic Violence." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 25, no. 3 (May 2002), 161-184.

 

Arab World, Middle East

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), 60-70.

 

Argentina

Moyano, Maria Jose. Argentina's Lost Patrol: Armed Struggle, 1969-1979. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995.

 

Canada

Roach, Kent. September 11: Consequences for Canada. Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2003.

 

 

 

Central Asia

Abraham, Shara. "Chechnya: Between War and Peace." Human Rights Brief, vol. 8, no. 2 (2001), 1-8.

Kinzer, Stephen. "The World: From the Caucasus to China; Zealots' Latest Targets are Poor, Remote and Vulnerable." The New York Times (October 31, 1999).

Larson, Geoff. "The Right of International Intervention in Civil Conflicts: Evolving International Law on State Sovereignty in Observance of Human Rights and Application to the Crisis in Chechnya." Transnational Law and Contemporary Problems, no. 251 (Spring 2001).

 

Colombia

Rabasa, Angel and Peter Chalk. "Guerrilla Strategy," in Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insurgency and Its Implications for Regional Stability. (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001), 39-51.

Rabasa, Angel and Peter Chalk. "Origins and Development of the Guerrillas," in Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insurgency and Its Implications for Regional Stability. (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001), 23-38.

Rabasa, Angel and Peter Chalk. "The Illegal Self-Defense Groups: Cause or Symptom of the Disorder?" in Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insurgency and Its Implications for Regional Stability. (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001), 53-60.

 

Colombia, United States

Rabasa, Angel and Peter Chalk. Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insurgency and Its Implications for Regional Stability. (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001).

 

Egypt

Peters, Rudolph. "The Relevance of the Jihad Doctrine in Sadat's Egypt," in Jihad in Classical and Modern Islam. (Princeton: Markus Weiner Publishers, 1996), 149-169.

 

Egypt, Israel-Palestine, India, Algeria

Juergensmeyer, Mark. The New Cold War: Religious Nationalism Confronts the Secular State. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

 

Europe

Alexander, Yonah and Dennis A. Pluchinsky, eds., European Terrorism: Today and Tomorrow. New York: Brassey's Inc., 1992.

Mommsen, Wolfgang J. and Gerhard Hirschfeld, eds. Social Protest, Violence and Terror in Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century Europe. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1982.

 

France

Wieviorka, Michel. "French Politics and Strategy on Terrorism," in The Politics of Counterterrorism: The Ordeal of Democratic States, edited by Barry Rubin. (Washington, DC: Johns Hopkins Foreign Policy Institute, 1990), 61-90.

 

France, Iran

Chauvin, Luc. "French Diplomacy and the Hostage Crises," in The Politics of Counterterrorism: The Ordeal of Democratic States, edited by Barry Rubin. (Washington, DC: Johns Hopkins Foreign Policy Institute, 1990), 91-104.

 

Germany

Kellen, Konrad. "Ideology and Rebellion: Terrorism in Western Germany," in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998), 43-58.

Merkl, Peter J. "West German Left-Wing Terrorism," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 160-210.

 

Germany, Europe

Miller, Martin A. "The Intellectual Origins of Modern Terrorism in Europe," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crendhaw. (University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001), 27-62.

 

Germany, United States

Heymann, Philip and David Kennedy. "Extradition of Mohammed Hamadei." Case Studies in Public Policy and Management, #835. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

 

India

Akbar, M.J. "Jihad in the East: A Crescent Over Delhi" in The Shade of Swords: Jihad and the Conflict Between Islam and Christianity. (New York: Routledge, 2002), 99-112.

Heehs, Peter. The Bomb in Bengal: The Rise of Revolutionary Terrorism in India, 1900-1910. Oxford University Press, 1996.

Mahmood, Cynthia K. Fighting for Faith and Nation: Dialogues with Sikh Militants. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996.

Nandy, Ashis. "The Politics of Secularism and the Recovery of Religious Tolerance," in Secularism and its Critics, edited by Rajeev Shargava. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), 321-344.

Sen, Amartya. "Secularism and its Discontents," in Secularism and its Critics, edited by Rajeev Bhargava. (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998), 454-485.

Varshney, Ashutosh. "Competing National Imaginations," in Ethnic Conflict and Civic Life: Hindus and Muslims in India. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 55-86.

Varshney, Ashutosh. "Ethnic Conflict and Civil Society." World Politics, vol. 53, no. 3 (April 2001), 362-398.

Wallace, Paul. "Political Violence and Terrorism in India: The Crisis of Identity," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 354-409.

 

India, Pakistan

Blank, Jonah. "Kashmir: Fundamentalism Takes Root." Foreign Affairs, vol. 78, no. 2 (Nov-Dec 1999), 22-53.

Ganguly, Rajat. "India, Pakistan and the Kashmir Insurgency: Causes, Dynamics and Prospects for Resolution." Asian Studies Review, vol. 25, no. 3 (Sept 2001), 309-335.

Ganguly, Sumit. "Explaining the Kashmir Insurgency: Political Mobilization and Institutional Decay." International Security, vol. 21, no. 2 (Fall 1996), 76-107.

Naipaul, V. S. "The End of the Line," in India: A Million Mutinies Now. (New York: Minerva, 1990), 351-387.

 

Indonesia

Crouch, Harold. "Indonesia: Violence and Radical Muslims." The International Crisis Group (October 2002).

Davis, Michael. "Laskar Jihad and the Political Position of Conservative Islam in Indonesia," Contemporary Southeast Asia: A Journal of International and Strategic Affairs, vol. 24, no. 1 (April 2002), 12-33.

Hasan, Lihat Noorhaidi. "Faith and Politics: The Rise of Laskar Jihad in the Era of Transition in Indonesia." Indonesia, no. 73 (April 2002), 145-170.

Hefner, Robert W. "Conclusion: Muslim Politics, Global Modernity," in Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), 214-220.

Hefner, Robert W. "Democratization in an Age of Religious Revitalization," in Civil Islam: Muslims and Democratization in Indonesia. (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000), 3-20.

Jones, Sidney. Al-Qaeda in Southeast Asia: The Case of 'Ngruki Network' in Indonesia. The International Crisis Group (Aug 2002).

van Bruinessen, Martin. "Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in post-Suharto Indonesia." South East Research, vol. 10, no. 2 (2002), 117-154.

 

Iran

Green, Jerrold D. "Terrorism and Politics in Iran," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 553-594

 

Iran, Israel, United States

Armstrong, Karen. "Defeat? (1979-1999)" and "Afterword" in The Battle for God. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000), 317-333 and 354-371.

Armstrong, Karen. "Mobilization (1960-1974)" in The Battle for God. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000), 233-277.

 

Iran, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan

Shaffer, Brenda. "Is there a Muslim Foreign Policy? The Case of the Caspian." Current History, vol. 101, no. 658 (Nov 2002), 382-387

 

Ireland

Horgan, John; Taylor, Max. "Playing the Green Card - Financing the Provisional IRA: Part 1." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 11, no. 2 (Summer 1999), 1-38.

O'Doherty, Malachi. The Trouble With Guns: Republican Strategy and the Provisional IRA. Blackstaff Press, Belfast, 1998.

Silke, Andrew. "Drink, Drugs, and Rock-n-Roll: Financing Loyalist Terrorism in Northern Ireland, Part 2." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 23 (April-June 2000), 107-127.

Smith, M. L. R. Fighting for Ireland: The Military Strategy of the Irish Republican Movement. London: Routledge, 1996

Toolis, Kevin. Rebel Hearts: Journeys Within the IRA's Soul. St. Martin's Press, 1996.

Townshend, Charles. "The Culture of Paramilitarism in Ireland," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 311-351

 

Ireland / Northern Ireland

Collins, Eamon. Killing Rage. London: Granta Books, 1997.

Darby, John. "The Historical Background," in Northern Ireland: The Background to the Conflict. (Belfast, Northern Ireland: Appletree Press, 1983), 13-31.

Donohue, Laura. "Counter-Terrorist Legislation, 1996-2000," in Counterterrorist Law and Emergency Powers in the United Kingdom, 1922-2000. (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2001), 259-305.

Donohue, Laura. "Emergency Powers and the Inception of the Northern State Emergency Measures," in Counterterrorist Law and Emergency Powers in the United Kingdom, 1922-2000. (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2001), 1-39.

Elliott, Marianne. "A Resentful Belonging: Catholic Identity in the Twentieth Century," in The Catholics of Ulster: A History. (New York: Basic Books, 2002), 431-482.

Hogan, Gerard and Clive Walker. Political Violence and the Law in Ireland. New York: Manchester University Press, 1989.

O'Halpin, Eunan. "Unresolved Questions: Defense, Security, Subversion since 1969," in Defending Ireland: The Irish State and its Enemies since 1922. (Oxford University Press, 1999), 304-349.

Richardson, Louise. "A Spiral of Peace? Bringing an End to Ethnic Conflict in Northern Ireland," in Civil Wars: Consequences and Possibilities for Regulation, edited by Heinrich Krumwiede and Peter Waldmann. (Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Publishers, 2000), 166-184.

Ruane, Joseph and Jennifer Todd. "The Dynamics of Conflict: Culture," in The Dynamics of Conflict in Northern Ireland: Power, Conflict and Emancipation. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), 178-203.

Whyte, John. "Some Religious Aspects," in Interpreting Northern Ireland. (New York: Clarendon Press, 1990), 26-51.

 

Israel (see also: Middle East)

Begin, Menachem. The Revolt: Story of the Irgun. New York: Henry Schuman, Inc., 1951.

Bell, J. Bower. Terror Out of Zion: Irgun Zvai Leumi, LEHI, and the Palestine Underground, 1929-1949. NY: St. Martin's Press, 1976.

Beres, Louis René. "Israel, the 'Peace Process,' and Nuclear Terrorism: Recognizing the Linkages." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 21, no. 1 (Jan-Mar 1998), 59-86.

Brophy-Bauermann, Brian and John A.C. Conybeare. "Retaliating against Terrorism: Rational Expectations and the Optimality of Rules versus Discretion." American Journal of Political Science, vol. 83, no. 1 (Feb 1994), 196-210

Heilman, Samuel C. "Guides of the Faithful: Contemporary Religious Zionist Rabbis," in Spokesman for the Despised: Fundamentalist Leaders of the Middle East, edited by R. Scott Appleby. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997), 328-362.

Hertzberg, Arthur. "Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook- 1865-1935," in The Zionist Idea: A Historical Analysis and Reader. (New York: Atheneum, 1977), 417-425.

Marton, Kati. A Death in Jerusalem: The Assassination by Jewish Extremists of the First Arab-Israeli Peacemaker. New York: Pantheon Books, 1994.

Pedahzur, Ami. "The Transformation of Israel's Radical Right." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 24, no. 1 (Jan-Feb 2001), 25-42.

Segal, Haggai. "Clear Away the Abomination!" in Dear Brothers: The West Bank Jewish Underground. (Woodmere, NY: Beit Shamai Publications, 1988), 52-60.

Segal, Haggai. "In Search of a Spiritual Authority," in Dear Brothers: The West Bank Jewish Underground. (Woodmere, NY: Beit Shamai Publications, 1988), 61-73.

Segal, Haggai. "Shabtai Ben-Dov," in Dear Brothers: The West Bank Jewish Underground. (Woodmere, NY: Beit Shamai Publications, 1988), 36-51.

Sprinzak, Ehud. "From Messianic Pioneering to Vigilante Terrorism: The Case of the Gush Emunim Underground," in Inside Terrorist Organizations, edited by David C. Rapoport. (London: Frank Cass Publishers, 2001), 194-216.

Sprinzak, Ehud. "To Kill a Prime Minister," in Brother Against Brother: Violence and Extremism in Israeli Politics from Altalena to the Rabin Assassination. (New York: The Free Press, 1999), 244-285.

 

Israel, Afghanistan, Iran, U.S., Sri Lanka

Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby, eds. Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993), 427-643.

 

Israel, Egypt, United States

Armstrong, Karen. "Counterculture (1925-1960)" in The Battle for God. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2000), 199-232.

 

Israel, The Philippines, United Kingdom

Cragin, Kim and Peter Chalk. Terrorism and Development: Using Social and Economic Development to Inhibit a Resurgence of Terrorism. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2003.

 

Israel-Palestine, Middle East, Lebanon, Syria

Hatina, Meir. "Ideological Outlook," in Islam and Salvation in Palestine: The Islamic Jihad Movement. (Tel-Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 2001), 47-62.

Hatina, Meir. "Introduction," in Islam and Salvation in Palestine: The Islamic Jihad Movement. (Tel-Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 2001), 17-22.

Hatina, Meir. "Islamic Jihad - Historic Milestones," in Islam and Salvation in Palestine: The Islamic Jihad Movement. (Tel-Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 2001), 23-46.

Hatina, Meir. "The Oslo Accords - Ideology and Political Reality," in Islam and Salvation in Palestine: The Islamic Jihad Movement. (Tel-Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 2001), 85-106.

Hatina, Meir. Islam and Salvation in Palestine: The Islamic Jihad Movement. Tel-Aviv: The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, Tel Aviv University, 2001.

 

Italy

della Porta, Donatella. "Left-Wing Terrorism in Italy," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 105-159.

Ferracuti, Franco. "Ideology and Repentance: Terrorism in Italy," in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998), 59-64.

Wagner-Pacifici, Robin Erica. The Moro Morality Play: Terrorism as Social Drama. The University of Chicago Press, 1986.

 

Italy, Germany

della Porta, Donatella. Social Movements, Political Violence and the State: A Comparative Analysis of Italy and Germany. Cambridge University Press (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics), 1995.

 

Italy, Spain, Peru

Chalk, Peter. "The Response to Terrorism as a Threat to Liberal Democracy." Australian Journal of Politics and History, vol. 44, no. 3 (1998), 373-88.

 

Japan

Kaplan, David. "Aum Shinrikyo," in Toxic Terror, edited by Jonathan Tucker. (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000), 207-226.

Watanabe, Manabu. "Religion and Violence in Japan Today: A Chronological and Doctrinal Analysis of Aum Shinrikyo." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 10, no. 4 (Winter 1998), 80-100.

 

Japan, Germany

Katzenstein, Peter J. "Coping with Terrorism: Norms and Internal Security in Germany and Japan," in Ideas and Foreign Policy, edited by Judith Goldstein and Robert O. Keohane. (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1993), 265-295.

 

Latin America

Gillespie, Richard. "The Urban Guerrilla in Latin America," in Terrorism, Ideology, and Revolution, edited by Noel O'Sullivan. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1986), 150-175.

 

Latin America, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay

Hudson, Rex A. "Terrorist and Organized Crime Groups in the Tri-Border Area (TBA) of South America." Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, July 2003.

 

Lebanon, Middle East

Jaber, Hala. Hezbollah: Born with a Vengeance. New York: Columbia University Press 1997.

Kramer, Martin. "The Moral Logic of Hizbollah," in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Washington: Wilson Center Press, 1998), 131-157.

Ranstorp, Magnus. Hizb'Allah in Lebanon: The Politics of the Western Hostage Crisis. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997.

 

Libya, Iran, United States

Martin, David C. and John Walcott. Best Laid Plans: The Inside Story of America's War Against Terrorism. New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1988.

 

Macedonia

Perry, Duncan M. The Politics of Terror: The Macedonian Revolutionary Movements, 1893-1903. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1988.

 

Middle East, Israel-Palestine (see also: Israel)

Ateek, Naim Stifan. "Being," in Justice, and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989), 50-73

Ateek, Naim Stifan. "Dream," in Justice, and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989), 163-175.

Ateek, Naim Stifan. "Encounter," in Justice, and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989), 7-17

Ateek, Naim Stifan. "Introduction," in Justice, and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989), 1-6

Ateek, Naim Stifan. "Justice," and "Notes" in Justice, and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989), 176-188 and 189-214.

Ateek, Naim Stifan. "Strife," in Justice, and Only Justice: A Palestinian Theology of Liberation. (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books, 1989), 18-49

Atran, Scott. "Stones Against the Iron Fist, Terror Within the Nation." Politics and Society, vol. 18, no. 4 (Dec 1990), 481-527

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), 150-151.

Hamas. "The Charter of the Islamic Resisitance Movement (Hamas)," in The Palestinian Hamas: Vision, Violence and Coexistence, by Shaul Mishal and Avraham Sela. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2000) 175-199.

Jones, Clive. "One Size Fits All: Israel, Intelligence, and the al-Aqsa Intifada." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 26, no. 4 (July-Aug 2003), 273-288

Juergensmeyer, Mark. "Islam's Neglected Duty," in Terror in the Mind of God. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000), 60-83.

Kennedy, Robert. "Is One Person's Terrorist Another's Freedom Fighter? Western and Islamic Approaches to 'Just War' Compared." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 11, no. 1 (Spring 1999), 1-21.

Khashan, Hilal. "The New World Order and the Tempo of Militant Islam." British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, vol. 24, no. 1 (1997), 5-24.

Lustick, Ian S. "Terrorism in the Arab-Israeli Conflict: Targets and Audiences," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 514-552

Merari, Ariel. "The Readiness to Kill and Die: Suicidal Terrorism in the Middle East," in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998), 192-207.

Mundra, Kusum. Suicide Bombing as a Strategic Instrument of Protest: An Empirical Investigation. Unpublished monograph (2003).

Rapoport, David C. "Sacred Terror: A Contemporary Example from Islam," in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Baltimore: Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 1998), 103-130.

Roy, Oliver. The Failure of Political Islam. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994), 107-131 and 194-203.

Rubin, Elizabeth. "The Most Wanted Palestinian." The New York Times Magazine (June 30, 2002).

Sayigh, Yezid. "The Armed Struggle and Palestinian Nationalism," in The PLO and Israel: From Armed Conflict to Political Solution, 1964-1994, edited by Avraham Sela and Moshe Ma'oz. (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997), 23-35.

Sayigh, Yezid. Armed Struggle and the Search for State: The Palestinian National Movement, 1949-1993. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993.

Simon, Steven and Daniel Benjamin. "America and the New Terrorism." Survival, vol. 42, no. 1 (Spring 2000), 59-75.

Simon, Steven and Daniel Benjamin. "The Terror." Survival, vol. 43, no. 4 (Winter 2001), 5-19.

 

Middle East, Algeria, France, UK, US

Kumamoto, Robert. International Terrorism and American Foreign Relations, 1945-1976. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1999.

 

Mozambique

Bartoli, Andrea. "Forgiveness and Reconciliation in the Mozambique Peace Process," in Forgiveness and Reconciliation: Religion, Public Policy, and Conflict Transformation, edited by Raymond G. Helmick, S. J. and Rodney Petersen. (Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press, 2001), 361-381.

Bartoli, Andrea. "Mediating Peace in Mozambique: The Role of the Community of Sant'Egidio," in Herding Cats: Multiparty Mediation in a Complex World, edited by Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson and Pamela Aall. (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace Press, 1999), 247-273.

 

Pakistan

Ganguly, Sumit. "Pakistan's Never-Ending Story," Foreign Affairs, vol. 79, no. 2 (Mar-Apr 2000), 2-7.

 

Peru

Gorriti, Gustavo. The Shining Path: A History of the Millenarian War in Peru. Durham, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Palmer, David Scott. "The Revolutionary Terrorism of Peru's Shining Path," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 249-308

 

Russia

Gall, Carlotta and Thomas de Waal. "Terrorism and Talks," in Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus. (New York: New York University Press, 1998), 256-288.

Pomper, Phillip M. "Russian Revolutionary Terrorism," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2001), 63-101.

 

Russia, Ireland, Germany, Middle East

Meltzer, Milton. The Day the Sky Fell: A History of Terrorism. New York: Random House, 2002.

 

Saudia Arabia, United States

Weaver, Mary Anne. "Department of National Security: The Real Bin Laden." The New Yorker (January 24, 2000), 32-38.

 

South Africa, Afghanistan, Mozambique, Cambodia

Appleby, R. Scott. "Religion as an Agent of Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding," in Turbulent Peace: The Challenges of Managing International Conflict, edited by Chester A. Crocker, Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela Aall. (Washington, DC: USIP Press, 2002), 821-840.

 

South Asia, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh

Chapman, Graham P. Geopolitics of South Asia: From Early Empires to the Nuclear Age (2nd Edition). Hampshire, England: Ashgate Publishing, 2003.

 

Southeast Asia

Gershman, John. "Is Southeast Asia the Second Front?" Foreign Affairs, vol. 81, no. 4 (July-Aug 2002), 60-74.

 

Soviet Union

Rashid, Ahmed. "Islam Underground in the Soviet Union," in Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 32-56.

 

Spain

Shabad, Goldie and Francisco Jose Llera Ramo. "Political Violence in a Democratic State: Basque Terrorism in Spain," in Terrorism in Context, edited by Martha Crenshaw. (University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995), 410-469.

 

Spain, France, United States

Jebb, Cindy R. "The Fight for Legitimacy: Liberal Democracy Versus Terrorism." The Journal of Conflict Studies, vol. 23, no. 1 (Spring 2003), 126-154

 

Sri Lanka

Bartholomueusz, Tessa J. In Defense of Dharma: Just-War Ideology in Buddhist Sri Lanka. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2002.

Byman, Daniel, Peter Chalk, Bruce Hoffman, William Rosenau, and David Brannan. "Diaspora Support for Insurgencies" and "The LTTE'S Military-Related Procurement," in Trends in Outside Support for Insurgent Movements. (Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2001), 41-60 and 117-122.

Chalk, Peter. "Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam's (LTTE) International Organization and Operations: A Preliminary Analysis." Comentary 77, a Canadian Security Intelligence Service Publication (1999).

de Silva, Chandra R. "The Role of Education in Ameliorating Political Violence in Sri Lanka" in Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rotberg. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999), 109-129

Edrisinha, Rohan. "Constitutionalism, Pluralism, and Ethnic Conflict," in Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rotberg. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999), 169-187.

Gunaratna, Rohan. Sri Lanka's Ethnic Crisis and National Security. Colombo: South Asian Network on Conflict Research, 1998.

Joshi, Manoj. "On the Razor's Edge: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 19, no. 1 (Jan-Mar 1996), 19-42.

Little, David. "Religion and Ethnicity in the Sri Lankan Civil War," in Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rotberg. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999), 41-56.

Schaffer, Teresita C. "Peacemaking in Sri Lanka: The Kumaratunga Initiative" in Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rotberg. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999), 131-141.

Tambiah, Stanley J. "Buddhism, Politics and Violence in Sri Lanka," in Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Polities, Economies, and Militance, edited by Martin E. Marty and R. Scott Appleby. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993), 589-619.

Tiruchelvam, Neelan. "Devolution and the Elusive Quest for Peace," in Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rotberg. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999), 189-201.

Uyangoda, Jayadeva. "A Political Culture of Conflict," in Creating Peace in Sri Lanka: Civil War and Reconciliation, edited by Robert Rotberg. (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 1999), 158-168.

 

Sri Lanka, India

Swamy, M.R. Narayan. Tigers of Lanka: From Boys to Guerillas. Delhi: Konark Publishers, 1994.

 

Sudan

de Waal, Alex. "Creating Devastation and Calling it Islam: The War for Nuba, Sudan." SAIS Review, vol. 21, no. 2 (Summer-Fall 2001), 117-132.

Deng, Francis M. "Overview of the Conflict," "Evolution of Identity of the North," and "Evolution of Identity of the South," in War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in the Sudan. (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1995), 9-97.

Deng, Francis M. "Conclusions," in War of Visions: Conflict of Identities in the Sudan. (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1995), 484-515.

 

Sudan, United States

Korn, David A. Assassination in Khartoum. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1993.

 

Tajikistan

Rashid, Ahmed. "The Islamic Renaissance Party and the Civil War in Tajikistan," in Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 95-114.

 

Turkey

Karmon, Ely. "Terrorism in Turkey: An Analysis of the Principal Players." International Policy Institute for Counterterrorism, 1999.

Karmon, Ely. "Islamic Terrorist Activities in Turkey in the 1990's." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 10, no. 4 (Winter 1998), 101-121.

 

United States

Banks, William C. "To Prevent And Deter" International Terrorism: The U.S. Response to the Kenya And Tanzania Embassy Bombings. Washington, DC: National Security Studies, Case Study #CS 0699-12.

Benjamin, Daniel and Steven Simon. The Age of Sacred Terror. (New York: Random House, 2002).

Bergen, Peter. "The Bin Laden Trial: What Did We Learn?" Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 24, no. 6 (Nov 2001), 429-435.

Betts, Richard K. "The New Threat of Mass Destruction." Foreign Affairs, vol. 77, no. 1 (Jan-Feb 1998), 26-40.

Bok, Sissela. Mayhem: Violence As Public Entertainment. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1998.

Bowman, Steve and Helit Barel. Weapons of Mass Destruction - The Terrorist Threat. (CRS Report for Congress, RS20412). Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service (Dec 8, 1999).

Bowman, Steve, ed. Biological Weapons: A Primer. New York: Novinka Books, 2001.

Bunn, George and Fritz Steinhausler. "Guarding Nuclear Reactors and Material From Terrorists and Thieves." Arms Control Today, vol. 31, no. 8 (Oct 2001), 8-12

Byford, Grenville. "The Wrong War." Foreign Affairs, vol. 81, no. 4 (July-Aug 2002), 34-43.

Byman, Daniel L., Matthew C. Waxman, and Eric Larson. "Coercive Nonstate Actors: A Challenge for the Future," in Air Power as a Coercive Instrument. (Santa Monica: RAND, 1999), 107-126

Carter, Ashton B. "The Architecture of Government in the Face of Terrorism." International Security, vol. 26, no. 3 (Dec 2001), 5-24.

Carter, Ashton, John Deutch and Phillip Zelikow. "Catastrophic Terrorism: Tackling the New Danger." Foreign Affairs, vol. 77, no. 6 (Nov-Dec 1998), 80-94.

Celmer, Marc. Terrorism, U. S. Strategy, and Reagan Policies. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987.

Chomsky, Noam. "International Terrorism: Image and Reality," in Western State Terrorism, edited by Alexander George. (New York: Routledge), 12-38.

Cilluffo Frank J. and Paul Byron Pattak. 2000. "Cyber Threats: Ten Issues for Consideration." Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, vol. 1, no. 1, (Winter-Spring 2000).

Cilluffo, Frank J. and Curt H. Gergely. "Information Warfare and Strategic Terrorism." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 9, no. 1 (Spring 1997), 84-95.

Cole, Leonard. " A Plague of Publicity." The Washington Post (August 16, 1999).

Crane, Conrad C. Facing The Hydra: Maintaining Strategic Balance While Pursuing A Global War Against Terrorism. U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2002.

Crenshaw, Martha. "Coercive Diplomacy and the Response to Terrorism," in The United States and Coercive Diplomacy, edited by Robert Art and Patrick Cronin. Herndon, VA: United States Institute of Peace Press, 2003.

Daalder, Ivo H., James M. Lindsay, and James B. Steinberg. "Hard Choices: National Security and the War on Terrorism." Current History, vol. 101, no. 659 (Dec 2002) p. 409-413

Davis, Paul K. and Brian M. Jenkins. Deterrence and Influence in Counterterrorism: A Component in the War on al Qaeda. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2002.

Delpech, Therese. "The Imbalance of Terror." The Washington Quarterly (Winter 2002), 31-40.

Eppright, Charles T. "Counterterrorism and Conventional Military Force: The Relationship Between Political Effect and Utility," Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 20, no. 4 (Oct-Dec 1997), 333-344.

Erard, Michael. "Translation in the Age of Terror." Technology Review (March, 2004).

Falkenrath, Richard A., Robert D. Newman and Bradley A. Thayer. "Recommendations: An Agenda for the American Government," in America's Achilles' Heel. (Cambridge: MIT Press, 1998), 261-336.

Farrell, William R. The U. S. Government Response to Terrorism: In Search of an Effective Strategy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1982.

Flynn, Stephen E. "The Unguarded Homeland: A Study in Malign Neglect," in How Did This Happen? Terrorism and the New War, edited by James Hoge and Gideon Rose. (New York: Public Affairs, 2001), 183-197.

Foxell, Joseph W. "The Debate on the Potential for Mass-Casualty Terrorism: The Challenge to US Security." Terrorism and Political Violence, vol. 11, no. 1 (Spring 1999), 94-109.

Fredman, Jonathan. "Covert Action, Loss of Life, and the Prohibition on Assassination." Studies in Intelligence, Semiannual Unclassified Edition, no. 1 (1997), 15-25.

Freedman, Lawrence. "The Third World War?" Survival, vol. 43, no. 4, (Winter 2001-02), 61-88.

Gunaratna, Rohan. Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror. (New York: Columbia University Press, 2002), 221-242.

Hartman, William J. Globalization and Asymmetrical Warfare. Air Command and Staff College. (Monograph 02-053), 2002.

Hermann, Margaret G. and Charles F. Hermann. "Hostage Taking, the Presidency, and Stress," in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Washington: Wilson Center Press, 1998), 211-229.

Heymann, Philip and Vlad Jenkins. "Bringing Terror to Justice: The Extraterritorial Arrest of Fawaz Yunis." Case Studies in Public Policy and Management, #960. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. 

Heymann, Phillip. "Dealing with Terrorism: An Overview." International Security (Winter 2001-02), 24-48.

Hill, Paul. Various Internet essays and material (http://armyofgod.com).

Hoffman, Bruce. "Change and Continuity in Terrorism." Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, vol. 24, no. 5 (Sept 2001), 417-428.

Hughes, Jonathan B. Choosing a Moral Framework for the War on Terror. School of Advanced Airpower Studies, 2002.

Imbus, Michael T. Identifying Threats: Improving Intelligence And Counterintelligence Support To Force Protection. Air Command and Staff College. (Monograph 02-059), 2002.

Jenkins, Brian M. Countering al Qaeda: An Appreciation of the Situation and Suggestions for Strategy. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 2002.

Johnson, Douglas V. and John R. Martin. "Terrorism Viewed Historically," in Defeating Terrorism: Strategic Issue Analyses, edited by John R. Martin. (Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College, 2002), 1-5.

Joseph, Robert G. "The Impact of NBC Proliferation on Doctrine and Operations." Joint Forces Quarterly (Autumn 1996), 74-80.

Juergensmeyer, Mark. Terror in the Mind of God. (Berkeley: University of California Press), 19-36.

Kanter, Rosabeth Moss. "Live in Love and Union: Commitment Mechanisms in Nineteenth Century Communes," in Commitment and Community: Communes and Utopias in Sociological Perspective. (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972), 75-125.

Klare, Michael. "The Deadly Nexus: Oil, Terrorism, and America's National Security." Current History, vol. 101, no. 659 (Dec 2002), 414-420

Kurth, James. "Confronting the Unipolar Moment: The American Empire and Islamic Terrorism." Current History, vol. 101, no. 659 (Dec 2002), 403-408

Kushner, Harvey W. Encyclopedia of Terrorism. New York: Sage Publications, Inc., 2003.

Lamb, Michael W. Bytes: Weapons of Mass Disruption. Air War College, 2002.

Leitenberg, Milton. "False Alarm." The Washington Post (August 14, 1999).

Lesser, Ian O., Bruce Hoffman, John Arquilla, David Ronfelft, and Michele Zanini. Countering the New Terrorism. Santa Monica, CA: RAND, 1999.

Neier, Aryeh. "The Military Tribunals on Trial." The New York Review of Books, vol. 49, no. 2 (February 14, 2002), 1-11

Noble, Kerry. "A Date of Infamy," in Tabernacle of Hate: Why They Bombed Oklahoma City. (Ontario, Canada: Voyageur Publishing, 1998), 213-217.

Nye, Joseph. "Governments Challenge: Getting Serious About Terrorism," in  How Did This Happen? Terrorism and the New War, edited by James Hoge and Gideon Rose. (New York: Public Affairs, 2001), 199-210.

Parachini, John V. "Non-Proliferation Policy and the War on Terrorism." Arms Control Today, vol. 31, no. 8 (Oct 2001), 13-15.

Patterns of Global Terrorism, (2002). Department of State Publication 11038. Washington, DC: Office of the Secretary of State, Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism.

Pillar, Paul R. Terrorism and U.S. Foreign Policy. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2001.

Record, Jeffrey. Bounding the Global War on Terrorism. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.

Report to Congress on Combating Terrorism. Washington, DC: Office of Management and Budget (Sept 2003).

Reports and Policy Statements Sections of State Department Office of Counterterrorism.

Roberts, Adam. "Counterterrorism, Armed Force and the Laws of War." Survival, vol. 44, no. 1 (Spring 2002), 7-32.

Said, Edward. Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World. New York: Pantheon Books, 1981.

Schultz, Richard. "Showstoppers: Nine Reasons Why We Never Sent Our Special Operations Forces After al Qaeda Before 9/11." The Weekly Standard (January 26, 2004), 25-33.

Simon, Jeffrey D. The Terrorist Trap: America's Experience with Terrorism (2nd Edition). Indiana University Press, 2001.

Smith, Andrew J. "Combating Terrorism." Military Review (Jan-Feb, 2002), 11-18.

Sopko, John F. "The Changing Proliferation Threat." Foreign Policy, no. 105 (Winter 1996-1997).

Sprinzak, Ehud. "Terrorism, Real and Imagined." The Washington Post (August 19, 1998).

Sprinzak, Ehud. "The Great Superterrorism Scare." Foreign Policy, no. 112 (Fall 1998), 110-125

Stern, Jessica. "A Lethal Weapon We Must Learn to Recognize." The New York Times (October 16, 1999).

Stern, Jessica. "The Covenant, the Sword, and the Arm of the Lord," in Toxic Terror, edited by Jonathan Tucker. (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2000), 139-157.

Tucker, David. "History," in Skirmishes at the Edge of Empire: The United States and International Terrorism. (Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, 1997), 1-50.

Turner, Stansfield. Terrorism and Democracy. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1991.

U.S. General Accounting Office. "Combating Terrorism: Need for Comprehensive Threat and Risk Assessments of Chemical and Biological Attacks." (GAO/NSIAD-99-163). September 1999.

U.S. General Accounting Office. "Combating Terrorism: Observations on the Threat of Chemical and Biological Terrorism." Testimony before the Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives. (GAO/T-NSIAD-00-50). October 20, 1999.

United States Department of State. "Foreign Terrorist Organizations" (May 23, 2003).

Weiner, Tim. "Rethinking the Ban on Political Assassinations." The New York Times (August 30, 1998).

White, Mary Jo. "Prosecuting Terrorism in New York." Middle East Quarterly, vol. 8, no. 2 (Spring 2001).

Wilson, J. Brent. "The United States' Response to International Terrorism," in The Deadly Sin Of Terrorism: Its Effect on Democracy and Civil Liberty in Six Countries, edited by David A. Charters. (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994), 173-210.

 

United States, Afghanistan, Sudan

Hersh, Seymour M. "The Missiles of August." The New Yorker, vol. 74, no. 31 (Oct 12, 1998), 34-42.

 

United States, France

Heymann, Philip and Vlad Jenkins. "Terrorism in the Cour d'Assises: The U.S. v. France v. Georges Ibrahim Abdallah." Case Studies in Public Policy and Management, #904. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.  

 

U.S., France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Europe

Nacos, Bridgett L., Robert Y. Shapiro, and Pierangelo Isernia, eds. Decisionmaking in a Glass House: Mass Media, Public Opinion, and American and European the 21st Century. New York: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, 2000.

 

United States, Germany, Japan

Katzenstein, Peter J. "Same War: Different Views: Germany, Japan, and the War on Terrorism." Current History, vol. 101, no. 659 (Dec 2002), 427-435.

 

United States, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan

Wisner II, Frank G., et. al. New Priorities in South Asia: U.S. Policy Toward India, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. New York: Council on Foreign Relations, 2003.

 

United States, Iran

Sick, Gary. "Taking Vows" in Origins of Terrorism: Psychologies, Ideologies, Theologies, States of Mind, edited by Walter Reich. (Washington: Wilson Center Press, 1998), 230-244.

 

United States, Italy

Heymann, Philip and Vlad Jenkins. "Achille Lauro Hijacking." Case Studies in Public Policy and Management, #863 and #864. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

 

United States, Latin America

Nunez, Joseph R. A 21st Century Security Architecture For The Americas: Multilateral Cooperation, Liberal Peace, And Soft Power. U.S. Army War College, Strategic Studies Institute, 2002.

United States, Libya

Zimmermann, Tim. "Coercive Diplomacy and Libya," in The Limits of Coercive Diplomacy (2nd Edition), edited by Alexander L. George and William E. Simons. (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1994), 201-228.

 

United States, Middle East

Richards, Alan. Socio-Economic Roots Of Radicalism? Towards Explaining The Appeal Of Islamic Radicals. Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 2003.

 

United States, Russia

Ford, James L. "Nuclear Smuggling: How Serious a Threat." Strategic Forum, no 59. Washington: Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University (Jan 1996).

 

United States, Southeast Asia

Kurlantzick, Joshua. "Tilting at Dominos: America and Al Qaeda in Southeast Asia." Current History, vol. 101, no. 659 (Dec 2002), 421-426

 

United States, Tanzania

United States of America v. Khalfan Khamis Mohamed. Court Transcript, July 2, 2001.

 

Uzbekistan

Madrakhimov, M. Bakhrom. The Rise Of Islamic Fundamentalism Uzbekistan. Air Command and Staff College (Monograph 02-074), 2002.

Rashid, Ahmed. "Namangani and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan," in Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 137-155.

 

Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan

Rashid, Ahmed. "The Hizb ut-Tahrir: Reviving the Caliphate," in Jihad: The Rise of Militant Islam in Central Asia. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002), 115-136.

 

Zimbabwe

Kriger, Norma J. Guerilla Veterans in Post-War Zimbabwe: Symbolic and Violent Politics, 1980-1987. Cambridge University Press, 2003.

 

 

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